I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him’ Deuteronomy 18:18
“The LORD … is … a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he”
Over the past forty lessons, we have been looking into the first book of the Holy Scriptures, the book we call the Pentateuch, which is Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. As you know, it is God who breathed His words into the mind of the prophet Moses, inspiring him to write them in a book. Approximately three thousand five hundred years have gone by since Moses wrote the Pentateuch, yet
it is still of immeasurable value to us today.
The Pentateuch is the foundation that God Himself laid, so that we can test everything that we hear and determine whether it comes from God or not. The teaching contained in the Pentateuch is
pure truth from God.
Any teaching that contradicts it is false. All of God’s truth is in perfect harmony with what is written in the Pentateuch. There is one thing that Almighty God cannot do. Do you know what it is? That’s right,
In the Pentateuch, Moses penned these words, “
God is not a man, that he should lie, neither the son of man, that he should repent. Hath he said, and shall he not do it? Or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?” (Numbers 23:19)
Through our study in the Pentateuch of Moses,
God has revealed to us many deep truths.
We plan to conclude our journey through the holy Pentateuch. But before we look at the final chapters, let us review what we have seen from the beginning until now.
In the first part of the Pentateuch, Genesis, we saw how God created the first man
in His own image.
God wanted to have a wonderful and meaningful relationship with man whom He had created. That is why He placed in the soul of man a mind (spirit) so that he might know God, gave him a heart so that he could love God and entrusted to him a will so that he could choose for himself whether to obey God or to disobey Him.
In the third chapter, we saw how the first man,
chose to obey Satan and eat of the tree which God had prohibited. Thus, the Scripture says: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin, and so death passed upon all men, for all have sinned” (Rom. 5:12) The penalty of sin is
death and eternal separation from God.
Thus, we saw how God expelled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden because of their sin. But before He put them out,
God announced how He planned one day to send a Redeemer into the world,
to open a door of salvation
for Adam’s offspring; to free them from the dominion of Satan and the penalty of sin.
Next, we learned how God called Abraham, promising to make of him
a special nation
from which the prophets and the Redeemer would descend. Thus, Abraham begot Isaac; Isaac begot Jacob; and Jacob begot twelve sons. Later, God changed Jacob’s name to
The twelve sons of Israel formed the new nation which God had promised Abraham. The ten older sons sold their younger brother, Joseph, as a slave who was taken to Egypt. However, “a man reaps what he sows.” (Galatians 6:7) We saw how all the children of Israel became slaves in Egypt. Nevertheless
God did not forget His promise.
In the book of Exodus we learned how God fulfilled His promise to Abraham by calling Moses to free the Israelites from their bonds of slavery.
In studying the story of Moses, we read the amazing and wonderful account of how
God delivered the multitude of Israel
from the oppression of Pharaoh and the people of Egypt. We also read how God protected them in the desert and brought them to the border of Canaan, the land which He had promised their forefather Abraham long before. However, most of the Israelites were afraid of the giants of Canaan and did not trust God to do for them what He had promised them. That is why they did not enter the abundant land of Canaan at that time.
Because of their unbelief,
the Israelites wandered in the wilderness for forty years, until all those who did not believe what God had promised concerning Canaan passed away. That was the punishment that God brought upon them because of their unbelief. Surely
“the LORD is … a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He!” (Deut. 32:4)
Now, let’s complete our journey in the Pentateuch. Remember, the Israelites were in the desert because God was judging them
for their unbelief.
Every one of those more than twenty years old who had refused to believe what God had promised concerning the land of Canaan had died. Not one remained alive. Now their children were at the border of Canaan. After forty long years in the wilderness, the children of Israel were now very anxious to get settled in the land their parents had failed to enter!
Our study today is from the fifth section of the Pentateuch, the book of Deuteronomy. In this final section Moses reviews God’s holy law and teaches it to the tribes of Israel. This great book contains
the final message that Moses preached
to the people to prepare them to enter the land which God had promised them. We do not have time to read Moses’ entire sermon, but we can summarise his words like this:
In brief, Moses said something like this to the Israelites: Be careful not to forget that you were slaves in Egypt! Do not forget all that God did for you on the way, between Egypt and the new land which you are about to enter! Do not forget the sins that you committed against the Lord your God! Do not forget how the LORD judged your parents because of their unbelief, which is why all their corpses remain in the desert. Do not forget that God was good to your parents, but they were hard-headed and refused to believe Him.
Do not forget it!
Today, when you hear the voice of God, do not harden your hearts, as your parents did in the wilderness. Will you be like your ancestors who refused to believe the Word of God, or will you believe the LORD your God? If you refuse to believe the Word of God as your ancestors did, God will punish you as He punished them.
Do not forget it!
The LORD God will bring you into the land, which flows with milk and honey, which He swore to your ancestors. Do not forget your God who gave you the land, because man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of the LORD!
Do not forget it!
After Moses had finished his sermon, the LORD said to Moses: (Deut. 32:49-52) “Get thee up into this mountain of Abarim … against Jericho, and behold the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel for a possession; and die in the mount where thou goest up … Because
thou trespassed against me
among the children of Israel …in the wilderness of Zin; because ye sanctified me not in the midst of the children of Israel. Yet thou shalt see the land before thee; but thou shalt not go there unto the land which I give the children of Israel.”
(Deut 34:1-12) “And Moses went up from the plains of Moab … and the Lord showed him all the land … unto the utmost sea … and the Lord said unto him, this is the land which I swore unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed. I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over there. So
Moses, the servant of the Lord, died there in the land of Moab,
according to the word of the Lord. And he buried him … but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. And Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died; his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days. So the weeping and mourning for Moses were ended. And Joshua (who replaced Moses as the leader of the Israelites), the son of Nun,
was full of the spirit of wisdom;
for Moses had laid his hands upon him. And the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the Lord commanded Moses. And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses,
whom the Lord knew face to face,
in all the signs and wonders which the Lord sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, and in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses showed in the sight of all Israel.”
So dear friends, this is where the Pentateuch, the first five books, concludes. Everything written in the Pentateuch is recorded so that we might gain knowledge, knowledge that will lead us to faith in God’s way of salvation. Truly, Moses was a great prophet.
He performed miraculous signs from God. By the hand of Moses, God delivered the Israelites from the oppression of Pharaoh. Also by his hand, God has given us the Pentateuch, the first book in the Holy Scriptures. Everyone should know what the prophet Moses wrote. Whoever does not know the Pentateuch of Moses will be mistaken in much and is in great danger of perishing in the way of unrighteousness. Remember, the Pentateuch is
the foundation which God Himself has laid
the foundation upon which God, through all the other prophets, would build the rest of His holy book.
Truly, the prophet Moses wrote amazing, deep and wonderful words. Yet of all that Moses did and wrote, nothing is more important than what he announced in the fifth section of the Pentateuch, in chapter eighteen. In this chapter Moses told the Israelites how God planned to raise up another, even greater, prophet
who would speak directly for God.
Read what Moses told the people of Israel: (Deut. 18:15-19) “And the Lord God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me;
unto him ye shall hearken,
according to all that thou desiredst of the Lord thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. And the Lord said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken.
I will raise them up a Prophet
from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him”
By this declaration from the mouth of Moses, God as announcing the coming of
who would come forth from the Hebrew nation (verse 15,18), a Man who would speak forth the Word of God in all fullness and purity (vs.18,19), a Prophet who would be a Mediator between God and man (vs.16,17). Do you know who that Prophet was? Do you know which Prophet spoke with even greater authority than Moses? Do you know which Prophet displayed works which were greater than the miracles performed by Moses? Yes, the Prophet of whom Moses spoke is
the righteous Redeemer,
who was born of a Jewish virgin. Concerning Him, Moses issued an early warning to the nation of Israel: “And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name,
I will require it of him.”
Friends, this is where our study of the Pentateuch must end. How can we conclude our journey in this vast and wonderful book? Let us finish with what Moses himself proclaimed to the Israelites on the day he died. In chapter thirty-two Moses said:
“Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak … I will proclaim the name of the Lord; ascribe ye greatness unto our God.
He is the Rock, his work is perfect;
for all his ways are justice; a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he” (Deut. 32:1,3,4)
With those words of God from the mouth of Moses we close this lesson. God willing, in the next lesson we will begin the book which comes after (and is connected with) the Pentateuch of Moses and see how God brought the Israelites into the land flowing with milk and honey just as He had promised them long before! . . .
May God, who alone is worthy of glory and majesty forever, bless you! The prophet Moses said it perfectly:
“The LORD . . . is . . . a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he” (Deuteronomy 32:4)!
We would invite you to answer the questions attached and send them together with any questions that you might have