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079 Jesus Enters Jerusalem

Blessed be the King who cometh in the name of the Lord; peace in heaven, and glory in the highest’

Luke 19:38

Key Verse:

“He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not”   (John 1:10)

(Luke 18-20, etc.)

In our last lesson, we saw how the Lord Jesus raised to life a corpse that had been in the grave for four days. The power of death was not a problem for Jesus, because He Himself was (and is) the Resurrection and the Life. We plan to continue in the Gospel to see how Jesus entered Jerusalem where He was to be killed.

Jesus knew everything that was going to happen to Him.

He knew that the leaders of the Jewish religion would turn Him over to the Romans who would torture Him and nail Him to a cross. Still,

that knowledge

did not prevent Him from going to Jerusalem. Concerning this, the Gospel says: 

“And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go to Jerusalem” (Luke 9:51)

As He was walking, going toward Jerusalem, Jesus said to His disciples, 

“But I have a baptism (of suffering) to be baptised with; and how am I constrained till it will be accomplished” (Luke 12:50)

Why did Jesus firmly set out for Jerusalem? He did this to give Himself up to those who wanted to kill Him!

This is amazing!

If you knew that in a certain city, men wanted to torture and kill you, would you firmly set out for that city? That is exactly what Jesus the Messiah did. Jesus knew that the reason He was born was to die as a sacrifice for the sins of the world. Jesus did not come into the world

to seek His own pleasure,

but to fulfil what the prophets had written long before concerning Him: that the Messiah would suffer and shed his blood outside Jerusalem on the mountain where Abraham offered the ram in place of his son. It was necessary that what the sacrificial ram spoke about be fulfilled in Jesus. That was why Jesus went to Jerusalem, the city which, for Him, was like a den of hungry lions awaiting their prey.

Now let us continue our study in the book of the Gospel. The Scripture says: “And they were on the way going up to Jerusalem, and

Jesus went before them;

and they were amazed and, as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him” (Mark 10:32) “We go up to Jerusalem, and

all things

that are written by the prophets concerning the Son of man shall be accomplished” (Luke 18:31) “The Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles. And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him; and the third day he shall rise again” (Mark 10:33,34)

(Luke 18:34-43) “And they under-stood none of these things; and this saying was hidden from them, neither knew they the things which were spoken. And it came to pass that, as he was come near unto Jericho, a certain blind man sat by the wayside, begging; and hearing the multitude pass by, he asked what it meant. And they told him,

Jesus of Nazareth passeth by.

And he cried, saying, Jesus, thou Son of David, have mercy on me. And they who went ahead rebuked him, that he should hold his peace; but he cried so much the more, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me. And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him; and when he was come near, he asked him, saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight. And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight;

thy faith hath saved thee.

And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God; and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.”

(Matthew 21:1-9) “And when they drew near unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the Mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, saying unto them, Go into the village opposite you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her; loose them, and bring them unto me. And if any man say anything unto you, ye shall say,

The Lord hath need of them;

and straightway he will send them. All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt, the foal of an ass. And the disciples went,

and did as Jesus commanded them,

and brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon. And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and spread them in the way. And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord!

Hosanna in the highest!”

(Luke 19:39-42,44) “And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. And he answered, and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out. And when he was come near, he beheld the city,

and wept over it,

saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! But now they are hidden from thine eyes … because thou knewest not the time of thy salvation”.

(Matt. 21:10-16) “And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying,

Who is this?

And the multitude said, This is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee. And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money changers, and the seats of them that sold doves. And said unto them,

It is written,

My house shall be called the house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of thieves. And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them. And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David! They were very displeased, and said unto him,

Hearest thou what these say?

And Jesus said unto them, Yea; have ye never read, From the lips of infants and children thou has ordained praise”.

“And the scribes and the chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him; for

they feared him,

because all the people were astonished at his doctrine” (Mark 11:18)

(John 12:23-24,27-33) “And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the son of man should be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, except a grain of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone; but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit … Now my soul is troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour. But

for this cause came I unto this hour.

Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people, therefore, that stood by and heard it, said that it thundered; others said,

An angel spoke to him.

Jesus answered, and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. Now is the judgement of this world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said,

signifying what death he should die”.

We saw how Jesus entered Jerusalem, riding on a colt of a donkey, and how the crowd of Jews praised and applauded Him,

wanting to make Him their king.

However, the people did not understand why Jesus had entered Jerusalem. Even Jesus’ disciples did not realise what was going to happen. They hoped that Jesus would save the Jewish people from the dominion of their enemy, the Romans. But that was not why Jesus came into the world. Jesus did not come

to destroy the empire of Rome,

but to destroy the empire of Satan. He did not come down to change this corrupt world, but to change the hearts of people. Indeed, one day, Jesus Christ will return to judge the people of the world and to restore the created world. However, when He came into the world the first time,

He came to die as a sacrifice.

He came to save the children of Adam from the penalty of their sin, as God had promised through His prophets long beforehand.

Continuing in the story, the Scripture says:

(Luke 19:47,48) “And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests, and the scribes, and the chief of the people, sought to destroy him, and could not find what they might do; for all the people were attentive to hear him”.

(Luke 20:1-19) “And it came to pass that, on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders, and spoke unto him, saying, Tell us,

by what authority doest thou these things?

Or who is he that gave thee this authority? And he answered, and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me: The baptism of John,

was it from heaven, or of men?

And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why, then, believed ye him not? But if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us; for they are persuaded that john was a prophet. And they answered that they could not tell from where it was. And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

Then began he to speak to the people this parable: A certain man planted a vineyard, and leased it to tenants,

and went into a far country for a long time.

And at the season he sent a servant to the tenants, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard; but the tenants beat him,

and sent him away empty.

And again he sent another servant; and they beat him also, and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. And again he sent a third; and they wounded him also, and cast him out. Then said the lord of the vineyard, what shall I do? I will send my beloved son; it may be they will reverence him when they see him. But when the tenants saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying,

This is the heir.

Come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What, therefore, shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

He shall come and destroy these tenants,

and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid. And he beheld them, and said, What is this then, that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall,

it will grind him to powder.

And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him, but they feared the people; for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them”.

Through the parable of the wicked farmers, Jesus warned those who were plotting to kill Him. Do you understand the meaning of this parable?

Interpreting it is not difficult.

In this parable, the Lord Jesus compares God to the owner of the field. The field of grapes (vineyard) is

the nation of Israel.

The evil farmers illustrate

the religious leaders of the Jews.

The servants that the owner of the field sent to collect the grapes, whom the farmers mistreated, are

the prophets.

The son of the owner of the field, whom the farmers killed, represents the Messiah, Jesus.

We can understand why the priests and the teachers of the law became very angry. They knew very well that

Jesus was speaking about them!

They understood that Jesus was comparing them to the wicked farmers who had harassed the servants of the owner of the field, and, in the end, killed his son. Thus Jesus denounced them as those who ignored the words of the prophets, and as those who would kill the Messiah, the Son of the Most High. Not only did Jesus tell them the parable, but He also quoted

that which is written concerning Himself

in the Psalms, saying: “The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner. Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder” (Luke 20:17,18; Psa. 118:22) Thus Jesus warned the religious leaders that the Savior whom they refused and planned to kill, would, in the end, become

their Judge!

God willing, in the next lesson, we will continue with the amazing story of Jesus and the religious rulers.

God bless you as you think about what the Scripture declares concerning the Messiah: 

“He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not!” (John 1:10)

We would invite you to answer the questions attached and send them together with any questions that you might have