010 Cain and Abel: the Way of Sacrifice

‘And almost all things are by the law purged with blood, and without shedding of blood is no remission’

Hebrews 9:22

Key Verse:

‘By faith Abel offered God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts’ (Heb. 11:4)

(Genesis 4)

We are happy to be able to give you this study  course about Cain and Abel, and you will remember in the last lesson that we saw Adam and Eve who sinned against God trying to cover up their sin and shame; but we learned that sinners have no way of covering themselves before the Holy One who must judge them.

Only God can save sinners from their guilt.

So, we saw how God Himself sacrificed some animals, made clothes of skin, and put them on Adam and Eve.

God made the first blood sacrifice.

We also read how God announced that there would be two groups of people on earth: those who refuse to believe the Word of God, and those who believe it.

In this lesson we will study about Adam and Eve’s first two sons:


who refused to believe God, and


who believed God. As we saw, Adam and Eve were now living outside the Garden of Eden. God had expelled them because they disobeyed His command. Because of their sin, they could no longer live in the blessings of the Garden of Eden with God.

Their sin had spoiled their relationship with God.

However, God still loved them and cared for them even if they were not aware of it.

Now then, let us read what the Word of God says in Genesis 4. It is written, “And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bore Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. And she again bore his brother, Abel. And Abel was a keeper of the sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground”  (Genesis 4:1,2).

Adam and Eve had two sons, Cain and Abel. They were sinners,

just like their parents.

The sin of Adam spread to his children, like a contagious disease. Cain and Abel were conceived in sin. Thus, the Scriptures say: “Adam begot a son in his own likeness.” (Genesis 5:3).

“Like father, like son.”

Cain and Abel were born with a sinful nature.

The children grew physically and increased in knowledge. Cain became a farmer. He was a serious labourer and was not afraid of hard work. Abel was a shepherd.

Both knew about God.

They knew that God existed and that He is holy and hates sin. And both should have known that to approach God, they needed to come by the way of the blood sacrifice which God had commanded.

There came a day in the lives of Cain and Abel, when they decided to worship God and present to Him a sacrifice. Thus, the Scriptures say: 

“And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord. And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and the fat thereof. And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering; but unto Cain and to his offering he had no respect. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell” (Genesis 4:3-5)

What was the result?

Two people wanted to worship God. Both presented sacrifices to God. But the Scriptures say: “The LORD looked with favour on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favour.”

Why did God accept Abel’s sacrifice, and refuse Cain’s sacrifice?

What was the difference between those two sacrifices?

Truly, Cain’s sacrifice and Abel’s sacrifice were very different. Cain brought to God beautiful vegetables and delicious fruit.

As for Abel, he brought to God the blood of a lamb without blemish.

God took away Abel’s sins, but not Cain’s.

Why did God take away the sins of Abel, who brought the blood of a lamb, and did not take away the sins of Cain, who brought vegetables and fruit? Was it because God does not like vegetables and fruit?

No, that is not the reason!

Why, then, did God judge Abel as righteous, and leave Cain in his sin? Here is the reason:

Abel brought the sacrifice that God required,

but Cain brought something else.

What was it that God required so that He could forgive their sins and still remain righteous? He required the blood—the life—of an unblemished animal. Abel believed God and brought a blood sacrifice,

just as God required.

Thus, the Scripture says: 

By faith Abel offered God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts” (Heb. 11:4)

Abel believed God, but Cain did not believe Him.

What does it mean to believe God?

To believe God is to have confidence in God to the point of obeying His Word. To believe God is to accept what God says as true. If you say, “I believe in God,” but you do not believe what God says in the Holy Scriptures, then you do not really believe God.

God and His Word are one.

If you believe God, you will believe and obey His Word. If you do not believe what God says, it is God Himself you are rejecting. God accepted Abel because he believed His Word and came with the blood of a lamb,

as God had commanded.

God did not accept Cain, because he did not honestly believe the Word of God. Cain claimed to believe in God, but his actions denied it, because he did not bring a blood sacrifice,

as God had commanded.

Someone may be asking, “Why did God command animal sacrifices? Why did God say, “Without the shedding of blood, is no remission”? Here is the reason: God’s holy Law declares that the payment (wages, penalty) of sin is


That is why blood had to be shed. God did not say, “Sin’s penalty can be paid with fruits and vegetables.” Nor did God say, “The payment for sin is praying and fasting and doing good works.” No! What God, in His holiness, did say is: The payment required for sin is


God, in the Scriptures, shows us that every person, every child of Adam has sinned and that each sinner has a great debt before God, the Holy One. The sinner must die and then pay that debt of sin in hell forever. The debt of sin is huge and you cannot produce enough good works to cancel it before God. The penalty of sin is

death and hell,

which is why good works can never pay it off!

Let us try to illustrate it. Imagine that I owe a person a huge amount of money, and I go to him and say, “I know that I owe you a lot of money. However, I am totally broke, and cannot pay my debt with money, but I have another plan to pay you. Here’s my plan: Every day, I will wash and polish your car inside and out. I will work for you until I pay off my debt.”

How would the person respond to my plan?

Perhaps he would get angry, or perhaps he would laugh at me, however, what is certain is that he would not accept my idea! Why would he not accept my plan? Because there is no way I can pay my huge debt with my feeble “good works.”

Similarly, no one can pay off their debt of sin with good works. Only one thing can pay for sin—not money or good works—but death. The penalty for sin is

death and judgement.

Therefore, God could not cancel the debts of sin of Cain and Abel based on the works of their own hands. God’s plan to cancel their debt of sin was through the blood of a sacrifice. The innocent must die in the place of the guilty. Forgiveness of sin is not based on man’s plan, but on

God’s plan.

On the basis of sacrifice, in other words, a substitute, God opened a door of forgiveness and salvation for the children of Adam. In the past generations, God decreed that

every sinner

must present an animal without blemish and slaughter it. The innocent animal would die as a substitute for the sinner. Because of the blood of such a sacrifice, God could be patient with Adam’s descendants and cover their sins for a time. But the blood of animals could not cancel the debt of man’s sin, because

the value of an animal is not equal to that of a man.

That is why the Scriptures say that animal sacrifices were “having a shadow of good things to come, not the very image of the things … for it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.” (Heb. 10:1,4)

Thus, the most important thing to remember about animal sacrifices is that

they were illustrations

of the Saviour who was to come into the world to pay the debt of sin for the descendants of Adam. This Saviour, whom God promised, would die for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring [them] to God. (1 Pet. 3:18)

As it is written in the Gospel: “To him give all the prophets witness, that

through his name

whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins” (Acts 10:43)

However, in past generations, God’s plan of salvation required animal sacrifices. But Cain ignored God’s plan. Cain came up with another way, a religion of his own making.

Cain created the first false religion.

He brought to God the works of his own hands. He sacrificed to God that which he had cultivated, that is, the produce of the cursed earth, which had no blood. Did God accept such a bloodless “sacrifice”? No, God did not accept it.

As for Abel, he brought to God a lamb without blemish and slaughtered it so that the blood was shed. After that he burned it. Because of that sacrifice, Abel had a clear conscience before God. He (Abel) knew that, in himself,

he deserved to die,

but the innocent lamb had died in his place.

Thus, Abel testified to his faith in the Redeemer who would come into the world, to die in the place of sinners, to bear the punishment of their sin.

We want to summarise this story by asking a very important question. Why did God not accept Cain’s sacrifice? Was Cain a greater sinner than Abel? That is not the reason.

They were both sinners.

Both presented sacrifices to God. Cain was a religious person. On the surface, perhaps we can even say that Cain’s sacrifice was more respectable than Abel’s sacrifice. Vegetables and fruits are very beautiful, but a slaughtered lamb and its blood is not a pleasant sight! However, sin is an offensive thing to God and the way of forgiveness that God established declared: “Without the shedding of blood, there is no remission!” Thus, God refused Cain and his sacrifice, which appeared beautiful, because Cain did not respect God’s righteous way of salvation.

No one can come to God, unless he comes by the righteous way that God has ordained!

God’s way is perfect and right!

It is like mathematics. If a teacher asks a student at school, “How much is two plus two?” There is only one correct answer. Two plus two equals four. The student who answers three is wrong. The one who says five is wrong. The person who says four and a half is also wrong. Two plus two can only equal four! That is the way it is with the righteous way of salvation that God has established. There is only one God and one way for sinners to be reconciled to God, the Holy One! It is the way of

the absolutely perfect Sacrifice.

Dear student, do you know what the Word of God says concerning the holy Sacrifice that God has provided to cancel your debt of

sin permanently? Do you know that God Himself sent down to earth an Almighty Saviour so that you can be forgiven of your sins and have a pure heart before God?

In coming lessons, we will be learning much about this wonderful Saviour. Concerning Him, the Holy Scriptures say:

“Neither is there any salvation in any other; for there is no other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12)

Friends, this is where we must stop. In the will of God, next time we will complete our study about Cain and Abel.

God bless you as you take time to think about His basic law which says: 

“Without shedding of blood is no remission” (Hebrews 9:22)

We would invite you to answer the questions attached and send them together with any questions that you might have

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